Fires in Southcentral United States. On March 31, 2003, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite detected numerous fires (red dots) burning in the central United States. States shown are (top left to bottom) Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas; (center, top to bottom), Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana; Illinois (far top right) and Mississippi (bottom right edge.)
The South Central United States or South Central states is a region on the south central portion of the Southern United States, located in the south central part of the country. It evolved out of the Old Southwest, which originally was literally the western U.S. South, as can be seen in the now defunct Southwest Conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
The states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas (which make up what the Census Bureau Division calls West South Central States) are almost always considered the “core” of the region. As part of the East South Central States sub-group of the Census Bureau classification, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee and Kentucky are also frequently listed under the heading. At the highest extent, Kansas, and Missouri, may be included by some sources. All or parts these states are in the Central Time Zone. At different and changing points in time, all of the above states were/are considered part of the Western United States in American history.