Last update: June 15th, 2021 at 4:00 pm
Today’s Image of the Day from NASA Earth Observatory features Jakarta on the Indonesian island of Java – a city that is increasingly threatened by sea level rise.
The Jakarta metropolitan area is the most densely populated region of Indonesia, with a population of 32 million people.
Flooding has always been an issue in Jakarta because the city is situated along low-lying rivers that swell during monsoon season.
However, the flooding issue has gotten much worse in recent decades. One of the biggest contributors is the widespread pumping of groundwater that has caused rapid rates of land subsidence. According to some estimates, as much as 40 percent of Jakarta now sits below sea level.
Over the last three decades, there has been a major flood every few years in Jakarta. In 2007, extreme floods during the monsoon season submerged more than 70 percent of the city.
Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory