King Sound in northwest Australia • Earth.com

Last update: February 19th, 2020 at 8:00 am

King Sound in northwest Australia Today’s Image of the Day comes from the NASA Earth Observatory and features a look at King Sound and the Indian Ocean on Australia’s northwest coast.

King Sound is a large gulf that measures about 75 miles in length and experiences some of the highest tides in Australia. The muddy water around the edge of the gulf is due to sediment kicked up by the tides and the Fitzroy River.

This image was captured by an astronaut on board the International Space Station.

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia’s capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country’s other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Indigenous Australians inhabited the continent for about 65,000 years prior to the first arrival of Dutch explorers in the early 17th century, who named it New Holland. In 1770, Australia’s eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia’s national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the time of an 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.

By Rory Arnold, Earth.com Staff Writer

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory

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