Last update: September 15th, 2019 at 2:00 pm
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensors on NASA’s Aqua and Terra satellites tracked a dust storm moving from southern Argentina over the Atlantic Ocean on January 24, 2010. The cloud of dust was just moving off Patagonia at 11:40 a.m., local time, when Terra MODIS made its overpass. The pale dust rises from point sources on land in individual plumes that blend into a large cloud over the ocean. Turbulence in the air over the ocean creates ripples in the dust plume that echo the vertical strands of color in the ocean below. The color is from a large phytoplankton bloom, made up of millions of tiny plant-like organisms.
By 3:55 p.m., when Aqua MODIS made its overpass, dust was no longer blowing over land, but the earlier plume was concentrated over the Atlantic Ocean. The bloom provides a useful reference point for gauging how far the dust has traveled in four hours. More diffuse now, the dust cloud stretches across hundreds of kilometers.
Credit: NASA images courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Holli Riebeek.