Last update: June 27th, 2019 at 7:00 am
Three volcanoes are simultaneously erupting on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea.
The first, Ulawun (located in the center-right of the island), is a stratovolcano, which is a steep, conical volcano built by thick lava flows. It is very active, erupting once every few years on average. It is part of an island arc, a string of volcanoes that forms over a “subduction zone” where two plates collide.
The second, Langila (on the far left of the island), is a complex volcano, consisting of a group of four overlapping cones. It is also highly active.
The third, Rabaul (on the far right side of the island), is classified as a pyroclastic shield. This means that it was created from fluid lava flows, producing a flat, dome-like shape.
Volcanoes can be highly destructive; however, volcanic soils are highly rich in minerals and in some places, geothermal energy has been tapped from young volcanoes.