Who are America’s super-polluters? According to the Center for Public Integrity, just 22 companies produce far more than their share of both greenhouse gases and air pollution.
Enormous, coal-fueled plants are among the worst on the list, according to CPI.
Over the past year, the Center for Public Integrity has worked with the Weather Channel and USA Today to gather and analyze data about carbon emissions and air pollution from American power plants and industrial sites.
They started with a list of 20,000 power plants and factories that reported their air pollution levels to the Environmental Protection Agency in 2014. Of those plants, a mere 100 produced a third of all industrial air pollution. About 7,000 facilities reported their greenhouse gas emissions, and again, about 100 produced a third of the total.
Twenty-two companies were on both lists. Using their scores, CPI calculated a ranked list of America’s super-polluters. At the top: Duke Energy Corp.’s Gibson power plant in Owensville, Indiana. Facilities in Rockport, Indiana, Cumberland City, Tennessee, Drakesboro, Kentucky, and Crystal River, Florida also made the top five.
“Across the country, the top 100 facilities releasing greenhouse gases — almost all of them coal plants — collectively added more than a billion metric tons to the atmosphere in 2014,” CPI wrote in its report.
Since 2014, eight of the super-polluters have closed their doors, but the rest continue to operate. All of the top five are still open.
Unlike the CPI listing, PERI takes each company into account as a whole rather than rating individual sites. They also consider global corporations, not just American companies. It bases its ratings on toxicity, emissions, and population exposure.
PERI’s worst five for 2016, based on 2014 data, were Alcoa, DuPont, Bayer, General Electric, and Exxon Mobil.
Scientists have linked carbon emissions, particularly the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, to climate change. Researchers also link air pollution to higher rates of diseases from asthma to heart conditions.
The nine-month investigation found that a lot of the worst producers are located in low-income communities.
The Center for Public Integrity has been under fire in recent years after critics questioned some of the group’s ethical decisions. In 2011, Politico accused the center of working with Greenpeace on a report regarding Koch Industries.
In 2008, the center published a report on tobacco funded by advocacy group Tobacco Free Kids, and in 2010, CPI admitted to illegally accessing an intergovernmental database for a story about tuna. They’ve also been accused of working with groups seeking to limit campaign financing.
The Center for Public Integrity is a nonpartisan, nonprofit investigative journalism organization.
PERI promotes original research into ecological issues at the University of Massachusetts.