Bryophytes (Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts) • Earth.com

Fontinalis Moss

(Fontinalis hypnoides)

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Description

Plants to 30 cm, green, yellowish, or pale green. Stems slender to medium, flaccid, stem and branch apices loosely foliate, occasionally tightly short-attenuate; axillary hairs to 800 -m, 6-10 cells, basal cell quadrate, red, distal cells long-cylindric, hyaline or reddish. Leaves monomorphic, spreading, flaccid when dry, loosely erect-spreading when moist, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate, narrowly lanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, plane or concave basally, 3-7 mm; margins plane or erect proximally, plane at apex; apex broadly acuminate, acute, or subobtuse; medial laminal cells 80-150 - 8-15-m. Perigonia with leaves 0.6-0.8 mm. Perichaetia with leaves oval to suborbiculate, 1.8-2 mm, apex obtuse. Seta 0.2-0.3 mm. Capsule immersed to slightly emergent, oval, suboval, or oblong, 1.5-2.5 mm; operculum obtuse-conic, 0.8-1.2 mm; endostome trellis perfect. Calyptra1.2-1.5 mm. Spores 13-20 -m.

Taxonomic tree:

Domain:
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order:Isobryales
Family:Fontinalaceae
Genus:Fontinalis
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