Bryophytes (Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts) • Earth.com

Sphagnum

(Sphagnum pulchrum)

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Description

A medium- to large-sized species. Growing in carpets, occasionally extensive and usually very conspicuous. Colour is bright golden orange, yellow-brown or chestnut, but can be green. In the spring, after lengthy inundation, colour can be a dull, dirty green. Branches are mostly straight, short and fat, tapering to the tip and base. Branch leaves are conspicuously in straight lines, concave and pointed, those in the basal two-thirds of branches spreading at 45-. Stem colour is yellow-brown to brown, darker than the branch leaves. Stem leaves are triangular, pendent or spreading, with a distinct point or cusp at the tip. Capsules are unknown in Britain and Ireland.

Taxonomic tree:

Domain:
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Sphagnopsida
Order:Sphagnales
Family:Sphagnaceae
Genus:Sphagnum
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