Bryophytes (Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts) •


(Sphagnum teres)



A medium-sized species. Green with a ginger tint, to ginger-brown, then usually with a contrasting large green terminal bud and centre of the capitulum; or entirely green in shaded, wet habitats. Terminal bud is prominent and stands well above the capitulum when viewed from the side. Usually 3 spreading branches per fascicle, though sometimes only 2. In the typical form, the branches form a tangled mass, obscuring the stem, giving individual plants an untidy look when viewed from the side. The stem is dark brown, or green in forms with all-green leaves. The stem leaf is rectangular, parallel-sided and broad across the slightly tattered and fringed tip. The tip of branch leaves is not (or only very slightly) recurved, though more obviously so in green forms growing in shade, especially on the lower branches. Capsules are rare

Taxonomic tree:

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Sphagnopsida
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