Hymenophyllum ciliatum is a fern of the family Hymenophyllaceae .This species, more epiphyte than terrestrial, is present in tropical America, Africa and Austronesia. Hymenophyllum ciliatum is a species classified in the subgenus Sphaerocionium . Olof Peter Swartz first described this species as Trichomanes ciliatum in 1788 1 . But in 1801 he places it in the genus Hymenophyllum . In 1843, Karel Bořivoj Presl places it in the genus Sphaerocionium : Sphaerocionium ciliatum (Sw.) C.Presl .