‘Ekoko (Chamaesyce celastroides var. hanapepensis)
|Species||Chamaesyce celastroides var. hanapepensis|
Nativity status map
-Akoko belong to the Spurge or Euphorbia family (Euphorbiaceae). The genus has recently been chnged from Chamaesyce to Euphorbia.There are seventeen native species of -akoko (Euphorbia spp.)–all of which are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. A number of -akoko are either vulnerable, rare or endangered, with two considered extinct. Several have beautiful foliage and range in size from very prostrate sub-shrubs such as Euphorbia degeneri to Euphorbia olowaluana, which are nearly 30-foot trees–perhaps the tallest in the entire genus of 250 species worldwide!Another native member in Euphorbiaceae is po-ol- (Claoxylon sandwicense). Some well known non-native relatives are the Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), kukui (Aleurites moluccana), poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima), cassava (Manihot esculenta), and the Par- rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) from which latex comes.