Gymnosperms (Seed Producing Plants: Conifers, Cycads, Ginkgo) •

Black pine

(Prumnopitys taxifolia)



Prumnopitys taxifolia, the mataī or black pine, is an endemic New Zealand coniferous tree that grows on the North Island and South Island. It also occurs on Stewart Island/Rakiura (47 °S) but is uncommon there. It grows up to 40 m high, with a trunk up to 2 m diameter. The leaves are linear to sickle-shaped, 10–15 mm long and 1.5–2 mm broad. The seed cones are highly modified, reduced to a central stem 3–4 cm long bearing 1-6 scales, each scale maturing berry-like, 10–15 mm long, violet-purple with a soft edible pulp covering the single seed. The seeds are dispersed by the kererū (New Zealand pigeon), which eats the 'berries' and passes the seeds in its droppings.

Taxonomic tree:

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
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