Pteridophytes (Spore Producing Plants: Ferns and More) • Earth.com

Turnip Fern

(Angiopteris lygodiifolia)

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Description

Angiopteris lygodiifolia is a species of Plantae in the Tracheophyta family, described by Rosenst. Angiopteris lygodiifolia belongs to the genus Angiopteris, and the family Marattiaceae. None of these subspecies are listed. Angiopteris is a genus of huge evergreen ferns from the family Marattiaceae, found throughout the paleotropics from Madagascar to the South Pacific islands. Species of smaller stature with elongate synangia and creeping rhizomes are sometimes segregated into the genus Archangiopteris, and a once-pinnate monotypic segregate genus has been called Macroglossum, but molecular data supports inclusion of these taxa within a broad concept of Angiopteris. Angiopteris evecta has been introduced and naturalized in Hawaii, Jamaica, and parts of Central America, where it has become an invasive weed in lower elevation drainages.They feature a large, erect, woody rhizome with a wide base supported by thick roots. The fronds are deltoid, pinnate, 5–8 metres (16–26 ft) long, with spreading leaflets. Angiopteris is unique among ferns in having explosively dispersed spores, thought to be caused by the cavitation of an airspace between spore layers. The basal chromosome number for this genus is 2n=80. The type species is Angiopteris evecta.

Taxonomic tree:

Domain:
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum:
Class: Marattiopsida
Order:Marattiales
Family:Marattiaceae
Genus:Angiopteris
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