The Gulf of Martaban in southern Myanmar • Earth.com

The Gulf of Martaban in southern Myanmar

10-25-2021

The Gulf of Martaban in southern Myanmar Today’s Video of the Day from the European Space Agency features the Gulf of Martaban, which is located in the Andaman Sea in southern Myanmar. The gulf is named after the port city of Mottama, which was formerly known as Martaban. 

Three major rivers – the Sittang, Salween and Yangon – supply the gulf with sediment and nutrients that feed into large tidal mudflats. 

How did the Gulf of Martaban get its name?The gulf, also known as Gulf of Mottama, is named after the port city of Mottama, formerly known as Martaban. The Gulf of Martaban is considered a unique estuarine mudflat environment that is home to a great variety of flora and fauna. The project includes an integrated processing and accommodation platform. Zawtika project includes the development of the Zawtika, Kakonna and Gawthaka fields, located in blocks M9 and M11 of the Gulf of Martaban, offshore of Myanmar. The project is spread across an area of 11,746 square kilometres. Tides ranges between 4–7 m with the highest tidal range at the Elephant Point in the western Gulf of Martaban. During spring tide, when the tidal range is around 6.6 m, the turbid zone covers an area of more than 45,000 km 2 making it one of the largest perennially turbid zones of the world’s oceans.

According to ESA, the Gulf of Martaban supports a number of species including marine fish and tens of thousands of migratory birds.

Video Credit: ESA 

By Chrissy Sexton, Earth.com Staff Writer

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