Rare view of Iceland and its glaciers - Rare view of Iceland and its glaciers

Rare view of Iceland and its glaciers. Today’s Image of the Day from the European Space Agency features a rare view of Iceland from the Copernicus Sentinel-3 satellite on a clear day without cloud obstruction.

The white area visible on the island is the Vatnajökull Glacier. With an area of around 8,400 square kilometers, Vatnajökull is the biggest glacier in Europe.

The white patch in the center of the country is Hofsjökull, Iceland ’s third largest glacier and its largest active volcano. 

In the top-left of the image, several sea ice swirls are visible off the coast of Greenland.

Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fieldsmountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a polar climate.

According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island

Image Credit: European Space Agency 

By Chrissy Sexton, Earth.com Staff Writer

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