The Vatnajökull ice cap in southeast Iceland Today’s Video of the Day from the European Space Agency features a Copernicus Sentinel-2 view of the Vatnajökull ice cap in southeast Iceland.
Vatnajökull is the biggest glacier in Europe, covering an area of more than 3,200 square miles.
The ice cap has about 30 outlet glaciers, many of which are shrinking as a result of rising temperatures. One of these glaciers, Vatnajökull, is positioned over some of the most active volcanoes in Iceland such as Bárðarbunga and Grímsvötn.
On the southern side of Vatnajökull, the Jökulsárlón glacial lake has grown to become Iceland’s deepest lake. Because it connects with the ocean, the lake contains both seawater and freshwater.
The island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, therefore being of the world’s oldest functioning legislative assemblies. Also there is a period of civil strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. Iceland also followed Norway’s integration into that union, coming under Danish rule after Sweden’s secession from the union in 1523. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík
Video Credit: ESA
By Chrissy Sexton, Earth.com Staff Writer