Northern Namibia Etosha salt pan •

Northern Namibia Etosha salt pan


The Sentinel-2A satellite shows us the Etosha salt pan in northern Namibia.

The most prominent feature is the Etosha salt pan. It is believed that a lake was first formed tens of millions of years ago. More recently – mere thousands of years ago – the Kunene River would have flowed through this area, filling the large lake before tectonic movement changed the river course. The lake then dried up, leaving behind some 4800 sq km of exposed minerals.

The Ekuma River, was seen flowing down from the upper left, feeds water into the pan – but very little water flows in as it seeps into the riverbed.

Part of the wider Etosha National Park, the pan is a designated Ramsar wetland of international importance. It is the only known mass breeding ground for flamingos in Namibia, seeing as many as one million flamingos at a time during the wet season when rain water forms pools in parts of the pan.

Built-up mounds of clay and salt throughout the pan also draw animals who use them as salt licks. Animals including lions, elephants, leopards and even black rhinoceroses can be seen in the park.

The name ‘Etosha’ means ‘great white place’ in the language of the local Ovambo tribe – and looking at the image we understand why.

The straight lines cutting across the picture are roads, and the one on the right side delineates the border of the protected park to the south. On the northern aspect of the road, we can see agricultural structures.

European Space Agency

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