Part of Nepal including its capital city, Kathmandu, and the Himalayan foothills are pictured in this satellite image.
Vegetation appears red in this false-color image, while waterways and buildings are light green and blue.
Surrounded by four mountain ranges, Kathmandu valley at the top of the image is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its temples and monuments. Some of these locations collapsed during the April 2015 earthquake that struck the region, causing widespread damage and claiming thousands of lives throughout the valley.
It’s easy to identify the airport and runways of the Tribhuvan International Airport that is clearly visible near the center of the valley.
A ‘ring road’ runs around central Kathmandu city and parts of surrounding cities, and from the southern tip of the airport runways, we can follow the road south before it changes direction northwest and continues around the city.
This image demonstrates just a slice of Nepal’s varied terrain: the mountains to the north and the plains in the south. We can see how water runs off of the mountains, forming large rivers that cut through the forested plain, with some areas of agriculture. The lower part of the image appears hazier than the mountainous areas because humidity is higher in the plains.
Credit: European Space Agency