Lake Baikal: The world’s largest freshwater lake •

Lake Baikal: The world’s largest freshwater lake


Lake Baikal: The world’s largest freshwater lake Today’s Video of the Day comes from the European Space Agency (ESA) and features a look at the largest freshwater lake on Earth: Lake Baikal.

Lake Baikal is located in southern Siberia and is usually completely covered by ice from January and May, and in some parts, the ice can be up to 6 feet thick.

These images were captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-3A satellite.Lake Baikal contains right around 20% of the planet’s fresh water, which is more than the water of all the Great Lakes combined! The second oldest freshwater lake in the world, Lake Tanganyika is the longest freshwater lake on Earth, stretching for around 410 miles. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume (23,600km 3 ), containing 20% of the world’s fresh water. At 1,637m, it is the deepest freshwater lake in the world; the average depth is 758m. It is 636km long and 81km wide; the surface area is 31,494km 2.

Russia expanded its territory to include Lake Baikal during the 17th-century Russian conquest of Siberia. According to the UNESCO World Heritage Commission, Lake Baikal is sometimes called the “Galapagos of Russia” because of its exceptional biodiversity and importance to evolutionary science.

By Rory Arnold, Staff Writer

Video Credit: European Space Agency

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