Today’s Video of the Day from the European Space Agency features the port city of Antofagasta, Chile, which is located about 1,000 kilometers north of Santiago. Antofagasta is positioned between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the mountains to the east.
The city has approximately 22 kilometers of coastline, but also lies within the Atacama Desert – one of the driest places on Earth. The region has a cold desert climate with abundant sunshine, and January is the warmest month.
Since the mid-19th century, copper mining is by far the most important mining activity for Antofagasta. Silver and saltpeter mining have been historically important for Antofagasta.
Video Credit: ESA