Last update: November 14th, 2019 at 11:00 am
Fires (red dots) blanket southern Sudan (center) in this true-color image from November 5, 2002. The Fires in Southern Sudan image was captured by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite. Moving southward through Sudan, the Sahara Desert (top) gives way to the Sahel (lighter greens), which gives way to tropical savannas (darker greens). Right of center at top, a green line shows vegetation growing along the confines of the White Nile River. At image right is Ethiopia.
Sudan or the Sudan is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south. And the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.
It has a population of 39 million people (2016 estimate) . Also occupies a total area of 1,886,068 square kilometres (728,215 square miles). Therefore making it the third-largest country in Africa. Sudan’s predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and English. The capital is Khartoum, located at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. Since 2011, Sudan is the scene of ongoing military conflict in its regions South Kordofan and Blue Nile.