Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum NatureServe Explorer Species Reports — NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports — ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library — The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video. Epioblasma torulosa, commonly called the tubercled blossom, is a species of freshwater mussel, a mollusk in the family Unionidae. It is native to eastern North America, where it is considered endangered in both Canada and the United States.This species exhibits variable shell characteristics across its geographic range. It is unclear whether this is best understood as ecophenotypic variation, various subspecies, or a complex of closely related but genetically isolated species. Due to the extinction of three of the four subspecies often included, resolution of this question will be difficult. The most modern approach is to treat E. torulosa as a species with three subspecies, and separate out the closely related Epioblasma cincinnatiensis as a full species.