13 Million years Old • Earth.com

According to experts from the Senckenberg Natural History Collections, the mata mata turtles that inhabit South America today can be traced back to the late Miocene period some 13 million years in the past. Up until that point, the Amazon and Orinoco regions were part of the same vast river basin. But it wasn’t just the land that diverged when the waters split off from each other. Photo Credit: Priscila Zambotto/Getty Images

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