Today’s Image of the Day from NASA Earth Observatory features a map of the air temperatures across India on April 27, 2022, when the country was struck with an intense heat wave. According to NASA, the latest heat wave hit just weeks after the country recorded its hottest March since record-keeping began more than 120 years ago.
The April 2022 event brought temperatures of up to 15°F above normal in east, central, and northwest India.
“On April 27, 2022, the highest temperature in the country, 45.9°C (114.6°F), was recorded in Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh,” reports NASA. “The day before, a high of 45.1°C (113.2°F) was reported at Barmer in West Rajasthan in the northwest, according to the India Meteorological Department. Many other localities recorded temperatures of 42-44°C (108-111°F).”
“The effects of the heat wave include heat-related illnesses, poor air quality, little rainfall, and reduced crop yields. Additionally, power demand has spiked and coal inventories have dropped, leaving the country with its worst electricity shortage in more than six years.”
“In the northern regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, mountain snow has been rapidly melting. Additionally, more than 300 large wildfires were burning around the country on April 27, according to the Forest Survey of India. Nearly a third of those were in Uttarakhand.”
The map was derived from the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) model, and represents air temperatures at 2 meters (about 6.5 feet) above the ground
Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory