Sea ice surrounds Newfoundland and Labrador province -

Sea ice surrounds Newfoundland and Labrador province

Today’s Image of the Day from NASA Earth Observatory features sea ice in the waters around Canada’s Newfoundland and Labrador province. The photo was captured on February 7, 2023 by an astronaut aboard the International Space Station.

“The sea ice appears as a dense white mass at the top left and thins out where it meets the warmer ice-free water of the Atlantic Ocean. The crenulated boundary between sea ice and open ocean extends down the right side of the image,” said NASA.

The ice originates about 930 miles to the north near the Arctic Circle, and moves south with the Labrador Current.

“The narrow Strait of Belle Isle, named for the small island in the center of the image, guides some of the sea ice to the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” explained NASA.

“Along the way, it flows past Newfoundland, Labrador, and Belle Isle, all snow-covered in this image. For scale, Belle Isle is 18 kilometers (11 miles) long. This sea ice melts as it encounters warmer water, in this case in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which receives outflow from the Great Lakes.”

More about Newfoundland

Newfoundland, an island off the east coast of North America, is a part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Known for its rugged coastline and diverse landscapes, it stretches across approximately 111,390 square kilometers.

The island is characterized by a maritime climate, which brings mild summers and cool winters. Its unique location in the North Atlantic Ocean influences its unpredictable weather, often a mix of fog, wind, and varying temperatures.

History and culture

The history of Newfoundland is a tapestry of indigenous heritage and European exploration. The island was first inhabited by the Beothuk and later the Mi’kmaq peoples.

In 1497, John Cabot landed on its shores, marking the beginning of European interest. This led to the establishment of fishing settlements by the British and French in the 16th century.

Newfoundland’s culture is a blend of these influences, evident in its music, folklore, and linguistic dialects. The island joined Canada in 1949, becoming the tenth province.

Economy and lifestyle

Traditionally, Newfoundland’s economy revolved around the fishing industry, primarily cod fishing. However, with the decline of fish stocks, the economy has diversified into sectors like oil production, mining, and tourism.

The lifestyle in Newfoundland is closely tied to the sea, with many communities dotting the coastline. Newfoundlanders are known for their hospitality and strong community ties, often celebrated in local festivals and gatherings.

Natural attractions and wildlife

Newfoundland is a paradise for nature enthusiasts. It boasts several national parks, like Gros Morne, famous for its fjords and geological wonders.

The island is also a prime spot for whale watching and iceberg sightings. Its diverse ecosystems support a variety of wildlife, including moose, caribou, and numerous seabird species.

In summary, Newfoundland, with its rich history, unique culture, and breathtaking landscapes, offers a distinctive experience for visitors and locals alike. It stands as a testament to the resilience and warmth of its people, making it a must-visit destination for those seeking an authentic connection with nature and history.

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory 

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