On Nov. 4, 2010, the DC-8 flew over South Pole Station, a research station at Earth’s geographic South Pole, before heading back to IceBridge’s mission base in Punta Arenas, Chile. Credit: Digital Mapping System (DMS) group.
The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth’s axis of rotation intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole.
Situated on the continent of Antarctica, it is the site of the United States Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. The Geographic South Pole is distinct from the South Magnetic Pole, the position of which is defined based on the Earth’s magnetic field. The South Pole is at the center of the Southern Hemisphere.