Last update: January 21st, 2021 at 4:00 pm
Today’s Image of the Day comes thanks to the NASA Earth Observatory and features a look at the Gulf of Taranto of the coast of Italy.
The gulf measures 90 miles in length by 90 miles in width and is located just off the coast of southern Italy. The gulf is surrounded by the Italian regions of Apulia, Basilicata, and Calabria.
The city of Taranto is known as an important port that holds steel factories, oil refineries, and shipyards.
This image was taken by an astronaut onboard the International Space Station.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant are the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name.
Beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia of Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively.
An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
Source: NASA Earth Observatory