Smoky canyons in the eastern Andes Mountains • Earth.com

Last update: April 9th, 2020 at 6:00 pm

Today’s Image of the Day comes from the NASA Earth Observatory and features a look at smoky canyons in the eastern portion of the Andes Mountains.

The smoke is coming from several wildfires in the upper part of the Yungas forests, which appear dark green due to the wet and cloudy conditions. Also visible in the lower left part of the image is Lake Titicaca.

This image was captured by an astronaut on board the International Space Station.

The Andes, Andes Mountains or Andean Mountains (Spanish: Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. The range is 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long, 200 to 700 km (120 to 430 mi) wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and has an average height of about 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, separated by intermediate depressions. The Andes are the location of several high plateaus – some of which host major cities such as Quito, Bogotá, Cali, Arequipa, Medellín, Bucaramanga, Sucre, Mérida and La Paz. The Altiplano plateau is the world’s second-highest after the Tibetan plateau. These ranges are in turn grouped into three major divisions based on climate: the Tropical Andes, the Dry Andes, and the Wet Andes.

By Rory Arnold, Earth.com Staff Writer

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory

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