The northern Patagonian Andes in Chile •

The northern Patagonian Andes in Chile. Today’s Image of the Day from NASA Earth Observatory features the northern Patagonian Andes in Chile, a region known for its glacial fjords and temperate rainforest.

About 25,000 years ago, during the glacial maximum, all of the volcanos and fjords visible here were completely covered in ice. 

Active volcanoes such as Melimoyu and Mentolat, which are both part of Chile’s national park system, still contain small ice caps today. 

This image of the Patagonian Andes was captured on March 25, 2020 by an astronaut onboard the International Space Station. The northern Patagonian Andes in Chile

Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, separated by intermediate depressions. The Andes are the location of several high plateaus—some of which host major cities such as QuitoBogotáCaliArequipaMedellínBucaramangaSucreMérida and La Paz. The Altiplano plateau is the world’s second-highest after the Tibetan plateau. These ranges are in turn grouped into three major divisions based on climate: the Tropical Andes, the Dry Andes, and the Wet Andes. Chile , officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile (help·info)), is a country in western South America. It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Chile covers an area of 756,096 square kilometres (291,930 sq mi) and has a population of 17.5 million as of 2017.

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory 

By Chrissy Sexton, Staff Writer

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