The Indian River Lagoon on Florida's Atlantic coast • Earth.com

Last update: April 14th, 2021 at 12:00 pm

The Indian River Lagoon on Florida’s Atlantic coast Today’s Image of the Day from NASA Earth Observatory features the Indian River Lagoon on the Atlantic coast of Florida.

According to NASA, the shallow estuary is one of the most biodiverse in the United States. because it straddles temperate and subtropical climate zones.

The lagoon supports more than 300 bird species, including large populations of egrets, herons, and spoonbills.

The Indian River Lagoon is a grouping of three lagoons: the Mosquito Lagoon, the Banana River, and the Indian River, on the Atlantic Coast of Florida; one of the most biodiverse estuaries in the Northern Hemisphere and is home to more than 4,300 species of plants and animals.

During glacial periods, the ocean receded. The area that is now the lagoon was grassland, 30 miles (48 km) from the beach. When the glacier melted, the sea rose. The lagoon remained as captured water.

The indigenous people who lived along the lagoon thrived on its fish and shellfish. This was determined by analyzing the middens they left behind, piled with refuse from clams, oysters, and mussel

The Lagoon contains five state parks, four federal wildlife refuges and a national seashore.Early European settlers drained the swamps to raise pineapples and citrus. They dug canals discharging fresh water into the lagoon, five times the historical volume.

The Lagoon varies in width from 0.5 to 5 miles (0.80 to 8.05 km) and averages 4 feet (1.2 m) in dept

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory 

By Chrissy Sexton, Earth.com Staff Writer

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